The Routine Health Screenings, Tests and Exams You Need By Age

Check up

Knowing when you need to get routine medical screenings, tests, and exams can seem confusing and The Doctors help remind you what you need to get checked and at what age.

Depending on your health history and concerns, other recommended screenings may be needed, but according to health experts, these are the general exams and tests need by age. As always, consult with your doctor or health care provider to find out which tests you need.

18 to 39 Years Old

  • Physical exam - every five years at least, or more often as recommended by a doctor
  • Eye exam - once between ages 20 and 29
  • Cholesterol check - once in the 20s, then annually when you turn 35
  • Full-body skin check to examine for suspicious moles/lesions annually 
  • Pelvic exam - Once a year
  • Pap smear - Once a year for sexually active women
  • Testicular exam is recommended for men 15-55 at their annual exam, or self-examination monthly 

40 to 64 Years Old - all previous screenings should continue in addition to:

  • Mammograms - annually, but if there is a history of breast cancer in the family or you have other risk factors, regular mammograms should begin earlier
  • Prostate screenings - at age 50, unless you are high risk, then begin at age 40
  • Fasting blood sugar levels to check for signs of diabetes
  • Colonoscopy - at age 50, or ten years earlier than the youngest family member with colon cancer
  • Baseline audiogram - at age 60

65 Years and Older - all previous screenings should continue in addition to:

  • Bone density study at 65 and done every 2 to 5 years - earlier if in a high-risk group
  • Rectal exam - annually
  • Fecal occult blood test - annually
  • Sigmoidoscopy - every 5 years
  • Consult your doctor for the possible need for pneumococcal and shingles vaccinations
  • Pneumonia vaccine - every 5 years depending on risk factors
  • Tracking of height and weight for a possible sign of osteoporosis

More: Will Breast Cancer Spike Once People Resume Routine Screenings?

More: How Stress and Weight Can Increase Your Risk for Breast Cancer

This video is unavailable because we were unable to load a message from our sponsors.

If you are using ad-blocking software, please disable it and reload the page.
Playing Alzheimer’s Disease Predicted by an Eye Exam?

Sign up for Our Newsletter!