Dr. Nita explains the product is usually made from plastic or rubber and is inserted into the vagina to catch the menstrual flow. Some cups are just used once, others can be washed and reused. Some common questions Dr. Nita gets asked by patients considering using a menstrual cup are:
How do you find the right size?
Dr. Nita says the product packaging will be your best place to start and the size can depend on things like - age, if the woman had a vaginal delivery, or if she has a heavy menstrual period. She notes despite the directions there can be some trial and error when it comes to finding the size of the cup that best suits your body. The right size will feel comfortable and, "You should not feel it at all," Dr. Nita explains, saying if you can feel it, you likely need a different size or a different brand.
How do you clean the cup when using a public bathroom?
She says water and a gentle soap should be used to clean it before reinserting it. If you have access to water, use it to wash your hands and the cup. If you do not have access to water. Dr. Nita suggests using toilet paper to clean the cup, but she notes once you can clean it, circle back and follow the manufacturer's recommended cleaning guidance. Also, do not use toilet water to clean the cup!
What are the pros and cons of using a menstrual cup?
Pros: It can save you money, it is better for the environment, and it can be kept in longer (for 8 to 12 hours, compared to 4 to 6 hours for a pad or tampon), she explains. Cons: It can be messy when figuring out your cup size (Dr. Nita says using a pad while determining your correct cup size can help).
Is toxic shock syndrome possible when using a menstrual cup?
Dr. Nita says the risk is low, but not non-existent. To lower your risk for TSS, the OB/GYN stresses to always follow the cleaning instructions and to always wash your hands before and after inserting and removing.
Get The Doctors' list of our favorite highly-rated menstrual cups, as well as products designed to keep them clean, here.