Bartholin glands are located on either side of the opening of the vagina and lubricate the vagina. A cyst develops when the Bartholin duct becomes blocked, and fluid builds up in the gland. The cysts can make it painful to sit, stand, walk and even lie down, and often, the only way to relieve the condition is to have the cyst drained, or have it surgically removed.
• Painful or tender growth near vaginal opening
• Pain during intercourse
Bartholin's cysts often will not require any treatment, especially if you are not experiencing any discomfort. Soaking in a sitz bath several times a day for three to four days can help soothe a small cyst and help it rupture and drain on its own.
If a cyst becomes infected, your doctor may prescribe antiobiotics or surgical drainage of the cyst. Marsupialization can be used to treat recurrent cysts.