Survive Severe Winter Weather
• Eat regularly and drink ample fluids; avoid caffeine and alcohol.
• Avoid overexertion when shoveling snow. Overexertion can bring on a heart attack - a major cause of death in the winter.
• If you must shovel snow or go outside, stretch first and watch for signs of frostbite and hypothermia.
• Dress in several layers of lightweight clothing. Wear mittens and a hat (preferably one that covers the ears) and wear waterproof, insulated boots with traction to keep your feet warm and dry, and to maintain your footing on slippery ice and snow.
• Maintain heating equipment and chimneys by having them cleaned and inspected annually.
• Run water, even a trickle, to help prevent pipes from freezing.
• All fuel-burning equipment should be vented to the outside and kept clear of debris and clutter.
• Winterize your vehicle and keep the gas tank full. A full tank will keep the fuel line from freezing.
Blizzard Conditions Behind the Wheel
Drive only if it is absolutely necessary. If a blizzard traps you in your car, keep these guidelines in mind:
• Pull off of the highway. Turn on hazard lights and hang a distress flag from the radio antenna or window.
• Remain in your vehicle, where rescuers are most likely to find you.
• Run the engine and heater about 10 minutes each hour to keep warm while still preserving battery power. When the engine is running, slightly open an upwind window for ventilation to protect you from possible carbon monoxide poisoning.
• Periodically clear snow from the exhaust pipe.