Vertigo is the sensation that your surroundings are spinning uncontrollably, and it is often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The condition is usually attributed to a problem with the inner ear and occurs most often in people over 60. Fifty percent of adults will experience vertigo in their lifetime, 70 percent of whom are women.
• Sensation that you are spinning
• Nausea and vomiting
• Loss of balance
• Blurred vision
Vertigo can be mild (comes and goes, lasts for a short time, might include nauseau), moderate (requires that you lie down, might include both nausea and vomiting), or severe (even lying down doesn't make feeling of motion dissipate, and nausea and vomiting prevent you from keeping even fluids down), according to WebMD.com.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common type of vertigo. When tiny crystals in the inner ear dislodge and migrate to other parts of the ear, they irritate tissues, and that irritation is the source of the vertigo. Simple movements, like tipping your head down or sitting up in bed, can trigger the sensation.
Plastic surgeon Dr. Andrew Ordon explains that your physician can recommend certain exercises to help alleviate the symptoms of vertigo.
According to the Mayo Clinic, for severe cases, when canalith repositioning exercises do not help, your doctor may recommend a surgical procedure in which a bone plug is used to block the inner ear canal where the dizziness is originating. This procedure is more than 90 percent effective.