Unusual and irregular conditions are more common than you think. Discover what causes your odd body changes and when to be concerned.
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If you've ever bitten your tongue, you know how sensitive it can be. While the tongue is commonly referred to as the strongest muscles in the body, it is actually made up of many different muscles, which help you talk, swallow and eat. It is covered with a mucous membrane and contains papillae, small bumps on the surface. In between the papillae are taste buds which detect four distinct tastes: salty, sweet, bitter and sour.
The tongue is covered in nerve endings, which can cause a lot of pain when it is sore.
Possible Causes of Tongue Soreness
• Inflamed taste buds
• Dry mouth
• Iron deficiency
• Yeast infections
• Canker sores
If you have a canker sore, try these remedies:
• Antimicrobial mouthwashes
• Over-the-counter topical gels
• Hydrogen peroxide
• Milk of Magnesia
"If you have any sore, anywhere, that doesn't go away," pediatrician Dr. Jim Sears says, "definitely get it checked out, because it could be a sign of something bad."
Migraines and Vision
More than 25 million Americans suffer from migraine headaches, which are thought to be caused by the dilation of blood vessels in the brain and tend to affect one side of the head. The dilated vessels pull on nerve receptors located near the blood vessels, causing pain signals to be sent to the brain. The result is a throbbing headache with a variety of symptoms. Migraines are difficult to treat, as symptoms and triggers vary among individuals, but they are often relieved by sleep.
Symptoms of a Migraine Headache:
• Moderate to severe pain
• Sensitivity to light and colors
• Loss of appetite
Foods such as coffee, red wine, cheese, chocolate and high levels of sodium can trigger migraines. Dr. Travis suggests headache sufferers keep a journal of their migraines to see what, if anything, triggers them.
Vanessa, 32, experiences intense pain in her eyes when she has a migraine, which affects her vision. She is concerned that the problem could be serious.
"We did all the tests I can possibly do, looking from the front of the eye to the back of her eye, checking visual pathways in the brain," Dr. Stybel says of Vanessa's visit. "Fortunately for her, there was nothing going on with the eyes that was causing her headaches. No visual changes.
"I recommend her to go see a neurologist for further testing," he continues. "They might do an MRI or CT scan. Get everything else looked at behind the eye."