The Doctors take on your biggest beauty dilemmas starting with the letter B.
The B Salon
From brows to back fat, get solutions to your biggest beauty problems.
Boil or Blemish?
Sandra, 44, is concerned about a bump on her nose and wants to know if it's a pimple or a boil. Dermatologist Dr. Ava Shamban checks Sandra's bump and explains the difference between the two.
Dr. Shamban says that a boil is often infected with Staphylococcus aureus, a bacterium that can cause a range of health problems, from Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to pneumonia, and tends to go deeper into the skin, all the way into the dermis. Pimples stop at the dermis and aren't as painful, while boils can cause a great deal of pain.
Boils can occur even in people who aren't prone to acne. The bacteria Staphylococcus aureus enters the body when bacteria is touched and an open wound is touched immediately afterwards with the same hand. To treat a boil, Dr. Shamban advises never to squeeze or pop it, as it can easily spread infection. If you think you have a boil, see a medical professional right away. If you're prone to acne and aren't sure if the blemish is acne or a boil, you can try crushing aspirin and applying it to the bump. If the blemish doesn't decrease, see a doctor so he or she may culture the infected boil, clean it with hydrogen peroxide and administer a topical antibiotic.
Baby Car Seat Safety
The American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration have updated car seat safety guidelines and now recommend that toddlers ride in rear-facing car seats until the age of 2. This is one year longer than the original guideline, and is based on United States crash data collected in the last five years. Data has shows that 1-year-olds are five-times less likely to be injured in a car crash if they are in a rear-facing car seat. Children younger than 2 have relatively large heads and small necks, and front-facing car seats allow the force of a crash to jerk the child's head, potentially causing spinal cord injuries.
Pediatrician Dr. Jim Sears demonstrates which car seats to use at what age. If a child is younger than 2 and weighs less than 22 pounds, keep him or her in a rear-facing car seat. On your child's second birthday, or when he or she reaches more than 22 pounds, he or she may ride in a front-facing car seat. Dr. Sears recommends buying a convertible seat that can be turned around once your child reaches the correct age and weight. All children must ride in a booster seat until they are 4-feet, 9-inches tall, which ranges from 8 to 12 years old. If a child is too short to ride without a car seat, he or she is likely to slouch, resting the seat belt over the belly, which could crush the child's organs in an accident. Children under the age of 13 should not sit in the front seat.