Eat, sleep, poop; we all do it! Pediatrician Dr. Scott Cohen, author of Eat, Sleep, Poop, joins The Doctors to dish on the three basic bodily functions.
"I didn't want to just give the doctor's side of the story in this book," Dr. Cohen says. "I wanted to give the parent perspective. I was a first-time dad, I went through the first year with my daughter, and I made every mistake every parent made. I wanted to give that perspective, because when it came down to it with my patients and I was quoting all this science and medicine, all they wanted to know was, 'What do you do for you daughter? Do you really follow your own advice?' Sometimes, I did, but sometimes my wife didn't, sometimes my daughter didn't. And that was what made for a fun first year with my daughter.
"Whether it's kids or adults, everyone thinks [the book is] about them," Dr. Cohen says.
Grace, Melanye and Marcie, moms from Denver, Colorado, join the show via Polycom to ask Dr. Cohen and The Doctors their pressing questions about their little ones' habits.
Sleep apnea, or a collapse of the airway during sleep, is a disorder that affects people of all ages. Deena's 3 ½-year-old son, Michael, suffers from sleep apnea, which causes him to snore and wake himself up.
"I noticed it when he was 6 months old, and as it progressed, his snoring was so loud that I could hear him down the hall," Deena says. "He's getting up two to three times a night. I know that he's not getting the sleep that he really does need."
Deena turns to pediatric ear, nose and throat specialist Dr. Nina Shapiro to have Michael's tonsils removed in hopes of correcting the problem.
"Michael's tonsils have gotten very enlarged," Dr. Shapiro says. "Michael's always been a bit of a snorer, but over the last year or so, he's started to have sleep apnea. The reason for that is that his tonsils have become so enlarged, taking up too much space in that small little airway that he has.
"When he's awake, he's breathing fine, but when he goes to sleep at night, all of the muscles in the back of his throat relax and the tonsils hit up against each other, and that's giving him a lot of trouble breathing," she adds.
Dr. Shapiro demonstrates the latest in tonsillectomy techniques, which will help open up Michael's airways and silence his snoring and help him sleep through the night.
The body can develop an allergy to any number off foods. This happens when the immune system makes the allergic antibody Immunoglobulin E (or IgE) in response to allergenic foods. These types of allergies are more common in children, but some may persist for life.
Anaphylactic shock is a severe type of allergic reaction that occurs within seconds after a person comes into contact with an allergen, triggering a massive immune system response, and can claim a life in less than five minutes.
High levels of histamines and other substances flood the body and cause a rapid systemic failure, leading to an immediate drop in blood pressure, swelling of the tongue, throat and eyes, difficulty breathing, shock and if left untreated, death.
Common Food Allergy Symptoms
• Rash, itching
• Lip and/or tongue swelling
• Difficulty breathing
Allergens can include food, animal hair and by-products, insects and even certain types of medications.
The foods that most often cause an allergic reaction are:
• Cow's milk
• Tree nuts
• Seafood, especially shellfish
If you suffer from allergies, your doctor should prescribe you a shot of epinephrine that you carry with you at all times. If you have accidental exposure and symptoms develop, give yourself a shot of epinephrine and then call 911 to seek treatment immediately, even before symptoms become severe.
For people who suffer from food allergies, an Epi-Pen could be a life-saving device. An Epi-Pen contains a large dosage of epinephrine, or adrenaline, that counters the effects of the histamine reaction when injected. However, the Epi-Pen is not a solution; it merely buys time to get to the emergency room. Most importantly, every minute counts, so be sure to act quickly and get the victim to a hospital immediately.
The effects of an allergic reaction can last from several minutes to hours, depending on how much of the food was consumed and the severity of the allergy.
Your doctor may also recommend antihistamines or steroid medications to be used for a short time. However, it is important to use these medications for additive therapy and use the epinephrine as the first line of treatment. Antihistamine and steroids only treat the symptoms, while the epinephrine will treat the allergic reaction.
Oftentimes, people will confuse a food allergy with food intolerance or sensitivity, which is usually less severe.
Food Intolerance Symptoms
• Abdominal discomfort
"Food intolerance is moreso when foods that you eat don't agree with you," E.R. physician Dr. Travis Stork says. "People are lactose intolerant. Some people with [irritable bowel syndrome], there are just some foods that don't agree with them. This is a digestive-system issue, and that is very different than food allergies."