Smoking When Pregnant
Despite countless warnings, an estimated 20 percent of women continue to smoke while pregnant. Studies show that if a woman smokes during her pregnancy, her child is 20 percent more likely to develop psychotic episodes later in life.
"We absolutely know that smoking is harmful to the baby," OB/GYN Dr. Lisa Masterson says.
Smoking when pregnant can cause:
• Growth retardation
• Preterm birth
• Pre-term delivery
• Low birth weight
• Perinatal mortality
"Smoking restricts blood flow to the uterus," pediatrician Dr. Jim Sears says. "So therefore, the baby is getting less blood and less nutrients."
Smoking cessation pharmaceuticals are available to women before and during pregnancy. "It's an addiction just like alcoholism," Dr. Lisa adds. "The best thing to do is quit before you get pregnant. Or quit, period."
"This will be the next, new frontier," says plastic surgeon Dr. Drew Ordon. "You actually can grow breast tissue, or virtually any organ."
The Icon treatment, a revolutionary new dental system, promises to eliminate unsightly teeth discolorations and restore pearly whites. Cosmetic dentist Dr. Thomas Connelly explains that white spots are actually the beginnings of a cavity.
"What we can do now with these white spots is intervene early," Dr. Connelly says. "And not have to cut away tooth structure later on; and stop these cavities from progressing."
Dr. Connelly performs the drill-free, pain-free Icon treatment on Allison.
Ophthalmologist Dr. Brian Boxer-Wachler performs the I-Brite procedure on Daphne to remove unsightly spots in the whites of her eyes.
Dr. Boxer-Wachler, who developed the procedure, explains that he removes the discolored membrane of the eye, which will then regenerate a crystal-clear, bright membrane.
"The I-Brite procedure is revolutionary because it's the first time there's a permanent cure for red eyes, or yellowing or brown spots on the eye," Dr. Boxer-Wachler says.
Osteoarthritis is a painful, degenerative joint condition. Currently, hylauronic acid can be injected into the affected joints to act as a shock absorber. Scientists are working on future stem cell treatments for osteoarthritis, but in the meantime, doctors recommend low-impact exercises like cycling and swimming to help alleviate discomfort.
Dr. Travis explains that migraine headaches are thought to be caused by the dilation of blood vessels in the brain. The dilated vessels pull on nerve receptors located near the blood vessels, causing pain signals to be sent to the brain. The result is a terrible, throbbing headache with a variety of symptoms. Migraines are difficult to treat, as symptoms and triggers vary among individuals.
A new treatment called Levadex, is still in clinical trials and not yet approved by the FDA, but shows a great deal of promise. Levadex is reformulated from a drug called DHE 45 and works similarly to an asthma inhaler. Once inhaled, the drug provides rapid and sustained pain relief.
More on treating migraines.
Breakthrough Back Surgery
A revolutionary back surgery may greatly eliminate pain and radically reduce recovery time for patients. Neurosurgeon Dr. Justin Paquette calls in from the Beverly Hills Institute for Spinal Disorders and Orthopedic Center to describe the AxiaLIF surgery.
Jamee, 22, developed keloid scars on her ear after she had her ears pierced. Plastic surgeon Dr. Raffy Karamanoukian excises the growths as Dr. Ordon explains how keloid scars form.