What to Do if it Happens to You!
Are you prepared for life's eminent health obstacles? The Doctors explain what you can do to keep common health problems from happening to you!
Deep Vein Thrombosis
When sportscaster Bonnie Bernstein began experiencing pain in her leg, she didn't think much of it. "I've been an athlete my whole life, so I just thought it was a muscle pull," she says. "So what do you do when you have a muscle pull? You take some ibuprofen, you ice it, you take it easy for a couple days, and you expect it to go away."
The pain persisted for a week, and Bonnie began having trouble breathing. "It finally dawned on me [that] this is probably not a pulled muscle," she says.
After waking up with extreme swelling and redness around her knee, Bonnie went to the hospital and was diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
NEWS REPORT: Tennis star Serena Williams was reportedly hospitalized after suffering a pulmonary embolism, a blood clot in the lungs.
Approximately 2 million Americans are diagnosed annually with DVT, with more people dying from complications of DVT than breast cancer and AIDS combined. The condition occurs when a blood clot develops in a deep vein, usually in the leg. Typically, a clot travels from the leg to the lungs and blocks blood from entering other parts of the body, causing breathing trouble and fatigue. When left untreated, clots can travel into the heart and cause it to fail, resulting in death.
Bonnie and E.R. physician Dr. Travis Stork demonstrate how DVT develops, the risk factors to look out for and treatment options.
Blood Clot Warning Signs
• Sudden shortness of breath
• Leg swelling
• Bloody cough
• Chest pains that often mimic a heart attack
• Redness over the affected area
Preventing Blood Clots
• Stand up and walk during long plane and car rides
• Drink plenty of water
• Wear support stockings
Mario and Megan are one of the many couples who struggle to conceive every year. They have been trying to have a baby since they were married two years ago, but Megan has not become pregnant.
"I'm not quite 30 yet, and I feel like I shouldn't be having these problems," she says. "I'm starting to get concerned that there's something else going on. Is it a problem with me? Is it him? Is it both of us?"
Fertility, IVF and ZIFT specialist Dr. John Jain performs common fertility tests on Mario and Megan. OB/GYN Dr. Lisa Masterson reveals their results, why they may be having trouble and how to increase their odds of getting pregnant.
Dr. Lisa says that if a woman under the age of 35, who does not have underlying medical conditions, struggles to get pregnant, she should keep track of her ovulation.
"Ovulation is one of the keys to getting pregnant," Dr. Lisa says. "Really, you only have 12 chances a year to get pregnant, and that's when you ovulate."
Simple Ways to Track Ovulation
• Use a calendar to plot out your periods.
• Use ovulation beads.
• Use an ovulation kit.
• Use a basal thermometer to monitor your temperature during ovulation.
"It's really important to talk to your doctor ahead of time about your periods, about your medical conditions," Dr. Lisa says. "Planning is really the key."
• Get great tips for maintaining a healthy pregnancy.
• Foods you should — and shouldn't — eat when expecting.
Georgia, 55, is worried that her 4-and-a-half-year-old daughter, Angela, has speech problems. She often mumbles or speaks very loudly and has trouble with certain letters, such as "R."
BLOG: Dr. Sears' Tips to Help Children Develop Language Skills
Your child's speech and language development is one of the cutest parts of growing up. When they are young, they come up with so many funny, endearing "versions" of words. I love to watch old videos of one of my kids using the word "DREEEN" to describe the color green! While this toddler talk is adorable, you also want to be sure to do everything you can to be sure his or her development is normal and he or she eventually learns to speak correctly! In addition to the tips I gave on the show today, here are a few other things to try:
• Beginning in infancy, introduce new vocabulary in a meaningful context, e.g., name specific foods at dinner time, "here is a BANANA".
• Read books and sing songs to your child on a daily basis.
• Narrate what you are doing, speaking directly to your child. Ask him or her questions, and give him or her time to respond. For this you'll need to be patient.
• Resist the temptation to use baby language. Your child needs to hear the CORRECT pronunciation of a word to eventually get it right.
• Avoid finishing sentences for your child. Give him or her time to think about what he or she is trying to say.
For more info on speech development, visit the American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association's website at http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/parent-stim-activities.htm
Crystal, 25, has fainted on multiple occasions. Fainting, or syncope, is the temporary loss of consciousness. A common cause is vasovagal syncope, a transitory drop in blood pressure. The brain doesn't receive enough blood or oxygen and, subsequently, loses consciousness. Always tell your doctor if you have suffered any fainting spells, as loss of consciousness can also indicate cardiac problems.
Causes of Fainting
• Standing up too fast
• Exertion in hot weather
• Low blood sugar
• Being emotionally upset
• Anxiety or panic disorders
• Cardiac disease
• Certain medications
Signs of Impending Loss of Consciousness
• Blurred vision
• Seeing spots or specks in front of eyes
• Body pallor or pale appearance
• Dilated pupils
• Rapid respiration
Crystal visits cardiologist Dr. John Kennedy to find out what's causing her to faint.
Dr. Travis offers vital tips if you find yourself feeling faint, or see someone else lose consciousness:
• Lie the person down to avoid any trauma related to a fall.
• Raise legs to improve blood flow back to the heart and brain.
• Check for pulse and breathing.
• Call 911.