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Save the Children

Save the Children
Pneumonia and diarrhea kill more children than any other disease. Although both ailments are easily treatable with medication, children in developing worlds rarely have access to adequate medical care.

Save the Children is a non-profit organization that devotes much-needed medical aid, food and resources to children in need around the globe. Learn how you can make a difference for a child at savethechildren.org.

 



Diarrhea
Diarrhea, or loose, watery stools, is usually caused by a bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection and will usually clear up within a few days. Chronic diarrhea can be a sign of bowel dysfunction or disease, so be sure to consult your doctor for medical assessment.

A bout of diarrhea can quickly lead to dehydration, and the risk is greater in children. Replenishing fluids as quickly as possible is vital. Dr. Jim suggests administering electrolyte solutions and adhering to the BRAT diet to combat the symptoms.

BRAT diet:
Bananas
Rice
Applesauce
Toast

Contaminated, unclean and untreated water in developing countries is a common culprit for diarrhea and other diseases such as cholera.

Warning Signs of Dehydration from Diarrhea:
• Blood in stool
• Severe abdominal pain
• Lethargy
• Dry skin
• Inside of the mouth is dry and tacky
• Lasts more than three days


Pneumonia
Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs, usually caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. Without medical intervention, the disease can be life-threatening. More than 2 million children die from pneumonia each year. In developing countries, children under the age of 5 are most at risk. Nearly 100 organizations came together to commemorate the first-ever World Pneumonia Day (LINK) on November 2, 2009.

Warning signs of pneumonia:
• Severe cough
• Difficulty breathing
• Fatigue
• Headache
• Fever
• Sweating

 

 

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