OB/GYN Dr. Lisa Masterson is the creator and spokesperson for Therafit Shoes.
Breast Milk: The Perfect Food?
Which of these can help prevent long-term weight gain in children: Breast milk, baby formula or low-fat milk?
“We want babies to gain weight but not too much weight,” pediatrician Dr. Jim Sears says. “And we’re really talking about late childhood [to] early adulthood. Studies have found that the longer a baby breastfeeds, the less chance he or she has of being obese as an adult.”
Dr. Sears explains that baby formula is typically made from either cow’s milk or soy protein with added nutrition to attempt to mimic breast milk; however, it is not the species-specific, “perfect food” like breast milk.
Babies who are formula fed vs. breast fed for the first six months of life are more likely to suffer from conditions such as respiratory tract infections, GI tract infections, SIDS, allergies, celiac disease, obesity and diabetes.
However, OB/GYN Dr. Lisa Masterson explains that for mothers who are unable to breastfeed due to factors like medication or illness, formulas are still generally an adequate form of nutrition.
“Breast milk is perfect but formula is fine as well,” she says.
“I encourage moms to do whatever they can to give their baby the best start and if that’s breast milk, great. If not, go with the next best thing.”
Bacteria in Your Belly
A study of intestinal microbes in mice found that changes in their intestinal bacteria affected their weight. Gastroenterologist Dr. Jorge Rodriguez joins The Doctors to explain how the bacteria in our belly responds to what we eat, which can, in turn, affect weight gain.
Dr. Rodriguez explains that gut bacteria can alter the immune system, as it interacts with intestinal cells that secrete molecules that can cause low-grade inflammation. This inflammation can increase insulin, resulting in weight gain.
Diets high in sugar also encourage the growth of formicates, a type of bacteria, which have also shown to lead to obesity.
To reduce unnecessary bacteria in your intestinal tract, Dr. Rodriguez recommends modifying your diet by reducing refined sugar and carbohydrates and encouraging good bacteria by taking probiotic supplements.
“Cut down the carbohydrates in your diet by about 25 to 30 percent,” Dr. Rodriguez says. “They’re high in calories and change your body’s ability to lose weight.”
Marital Status and Your Weight
Are you more likely to be obese if you’re single or married?
Dr. Travis puts two married couples on the spot to see how they affect each other’s eating habits. Are you a bad influence on your loved one?
• Can you guess which time in your life you’re most likely to gain weight?
More Travel, More Baggage?
“The more people travel, the more they tend to be overweight,” Dr. Sears says. “A study at Columbia University found that the more time you’re away from home, the bigger your waistline, the higher your BMI and the bigger your chances [are] of being overweight.”
Tips to Stay Fit on Business Trips
• Work out in the morning: Exercising early gets your day started with vigor and ensures your workout makes it into your schedule.
• One drink only: Make cocktail hour more about networking and less about drinking. Order one drink with extra ice and drink it slowly.
• Join a nationwide gym: Research gym memberships that allow you to work out at locations across the country.
• Eat right: You’re not on vacation, so don’t eat like you are.
• Your travel-sized toiletries can cause diabetes. Find out why!