Three Things Everyone Needs to Know About Cancer
Your body sends you signals everyday, but are you listening? Chief medical officer of Pfizer, Dr. Freda Lewis-Hall, explains the three things everyone should know about cancer.
“Every year, one-and-a-half million Americans are diagnosed with cancer,” Dr. Lewis-Hall says. “But here’s the good news: With advancements in new ways to diagnose and treat cancer, we’re increasing the likelihood of survival.”
1. Warning Signs
Cancer is a group of diseases that can cause almost any symptom. Warning signs can range from fatigue and fever, to trouble swallowing or a lump in your breast. Some symptoms can mimic other diseases, and sometimes there are no symptoms at all, which is why knowing your body and being able to identify abnormal symptoms is essential.
“Warning signs of symptoms will depend on where the cancer is,” E.R. physician Dr. Travis Stork says. “If it is contained or [if] it has spread, depends how much it affects the surrounding organs or tissues .”
“Any sign of changes or troubles should be checked out by your doctor,” Dr. Lewis-Hall says. “Schedule [regular] check ups and screenings."
• How cancer develops.
• Cancer prevention.
2. Get an Accurate Diagnosis
“Advancements in diagnostic testing are changing our understanding of cancer,” Dr. Lewis-Hall says. “Cancers differ genetically, and we can now look at the genetic structure of cancer cells using molecular testing.
“Being able to tell one type of cancer from another helps us know whether or not the cancer is more likely to respond to [certain] treatments,” she adds.
Targeting the genetic makeup of the cancer may offer the best chance to fight it. Your doctor may also suggest a biopsy of the tumor to determine a treatment regimen.
3. Understand Your Range of Treatment Options
In the past, doctors treated cancer with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, prescription medications or a combination of the treatments. However, it wasn’t always understood how patients would respond. Now, doctors have a much better understanding of how the treatments work, down to the cellular level.
“This information allows for more personalized treatment of your cancer type,” Dr. Lewis-Hall says.
Cancer comes in many different tumor types and diseases. Some drugs are successful by blocking molecules involved in the growth and spread of cancer, but before a patient is prescribed one of these drugs, he or she needs to undergo the proper testing to determine which drug will be most effective for his or her tumor type.
“Be sure to talk to your doctor about treatment options and side effects, as well,” Dr. Travis says.
• Alternative cancer treatments.
“Hearing that you or a loved one has cancer is very difficult,” Dr. Lewis-Hall says. “There is a lot of information to take in, and a lot of decisions to make. Your doctor can help you navigate those things, but to get you started with some information, you can visit Healthierworld.net.”
• For more information, please visit Healthierworld.net
Cardiac CT: Could it Save Your Life?
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Every 25 seconds, someone will have a coronary event, and every minute, someone will die from one. Almost two-thirds of women who die suddenly of a heart attack don’t show previous symptoms.
Janet, 57, says she’s been experiencing heart palpitations and chest pressure. Since she has a family history of heart disease, she decided to be proactive and visited cardiologist Dr. John M. Kennedy for a cardiac CT, a revolutionary, noninvasive and highly accurate test that examines the arteries.
Brianna, 17, says she noticed a mysterious bump on her lower left leg about two years ago, and dozens have since spread up and down her leg.
“I’m a cheerleader, and these things are so embarrassing,” Brianna says.
Dermatologist Dr. Sandra Lee reveals that Brianna’s bumps are flat warts, which, like all warts, are caused by a virus. Flat warts are flesh-colored and highly contagious, and Brianna’s were likely spread while shaving her legs.
“Warts are very frustrating and difficult to treat,” Dr. Lee says. “But there are literally hundreds of ways to treat them.”
Dr. Lee freezes Brianna’s warts with liquid nitrogen, which will cause them to blister, peel off and, hopefully, not return.
Bad breath isn’t just embarrassing, it can cause gum disease and bone loss. Cosmetic dentist Dr. Bill Dorfman explains the BANA Test, a new dental exam that promotes oral health and can add years to your life.
Every guy knows it’s really painful getting hit in the groin, but is there a time when you really have to worry?
Urologic surgeon Dr. Dudley Danoff, author of Penis Power: The Ultimate Guide to Male Sexual Health, explains how a blow to a male’s groin can cause serious damage.
A sudden onset of severe pain that lasts more than an hour can signal a testicular torsion, when the testicle rotates on the spermatic cord and cuts off blood flow, leading to pain and swelling. It can be a result of an inherited trait commonly seen in males ages 10 to 25, or can be caused by trauma to the area.
“It’s got to be untwisted within six hours, and, if this is done, the testicle will survive,” Dr. Danoff says. “If you wait 24 hours, you will, for sure, have a dead testicle.”
If you experience a direct blow to your testicles, the pain should subside within an hour,” Dr. Travis says. “You can apply cold compresses and take over-the-counter anti-inflammatories.
“But if the pain gets worse, definitely go to the emergency room,” Dr. Travis adds.
Neuro-Stim Migraine Procedure
What if you could cure a splitting headache with a push of a button? A new procedure is offering hope to millions of migraine sufferers, such as 17-year-old Rachel, who says her head hurts 24 hours a day.
“It feels like my brain is exploding inside my head,” she says.